Wicked is a
musical with songs and lyrics by Stephen Schwartz and a book by
Winnie Holzman. The story is based on the best-selling novel
Wicked: The Life and Times of the Wicked Witch of the West by
Gregory Maguire, a parallel novel of L. Frank Baum's classic
story The Wonderful Wizard of Oz from the perspective of the
witches of the Land of
the story of Elphaba, the future Wicked Witch of the West and
her relationship with Galinda, the Good Witch of the North.
Their friendship struggles through their opposing personalities
and viewpoints, rivalry over the same love-interest, their
reactions to the Wizard's corrupt government, and, ultimately,
Elphaba's public fall from grace. The plot is set mostly before
Dorothy's arrival from Kansas, and includes several references
to well-known scenes and dialogue in the 1939 film The Wizard
of Oz as a backstory.
debuted on Broadway on October 30, 2003. It is produced by
Universal Pictures and directed by Joe Mantello, with musical
staging by Wayne Cilento. Its original stars were Idina Menzel
as Elphaba, Kristin Chenoweth as Galinda, and Joel Grey as the
Wizard. Although the production received mixed reviews
and was panned by The New York Times, it has proved to be a
favorite among patrons. The Broadway production's success
spawned productions in Chicago, Los Angeles, London's West End,
Tokyo, Melbourne, and Stuttgart, along with two North American
tours that have visited over 30 cities in Canada and the United
Wicked has broken box office records around
the world, holding weekly-gross-takings records in New York,
Los Angeles, Chicago, St. Louis, and London, and the record for
biggest opening in the West End (£100,000 in the first hour on
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